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Keynote Speakers

Social Policy Panel
Dr. Ursula von der Leyen
Minister of Labour and Social Affairs Federal Republic of Germany
Member of the Presidium of the CDU Germany

After graduating from secondary school, Ursula von der Leyen studied economics at the University of Göttingen, the University of Münster and the London School of Economics and Political Science. In 1980 she took up medical studies at the Hannover Medical School (MHH). After obtaining her licence to practise medicine, she worked at the MHH gynaecological hospital where she obtained her doctorate in 1991. After several years in the United States Ursula von der Leyen and her family returned to Germany in 1996. From 1998 to 2002 she worked as a research assistant at the department of Epidemiology, Social Medicine and Health System Research at Hannover Medical School where she completed her Master’s degree in Public Health in 2001.
Ursula von der Leyen started her political activities in 1990 when she became a member of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU). Since 1999 she has been active in the CDU working group of medical doctors in Lower Saxony. From 2001 to 2004 she held various political offices at the municipal level in the Hannover region and in 2003 she became a member of the Lower Saxony state parliament. In the same year she was appointed State Minister of Social Affairs, Women, Family Affairs and Health. In 2005 Ursula von der Leyen started her career in federal politics as Federal Minister of Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth. Since 2009 she has been a member of the German Bundestag and Federal Minister of Labour and Social Affairs. After her election as member of the CDU Executive Committee she was elected as party vice chairwoman in 2010.
Ursula von der Leyen was born in Brussels in 1958. She lives in Burgdorf-Beinhorn near Hannover. She is married with seven children.

The end of the West as we know it?
Joschka Fischer
Former Vice Chancellor and Foreign Minister Federal Republic of Germany
Bündnis 90/Die Grünen

The former Vice Chancellor and Foreign Minister of the Federal Republic of Germany (1998 - 2005) led the Green Party in their first participation in government, both at state level (Hesse) and at federal level.
From 2006 to 2007, Joschka Fischer held a professorship at the Woodrow Wilson School of International and Public Affairs at Princeton University (USA). He is a member of the Board of Trustees of the International Crisis Group and of the Executive Board of the European Council on Foreign Relations.
Joschka Fischer is a founding partner of Joschka Fischer and Company.

Security Policy Panel
Dr. Frank-Walter Steinmeier Photo: Thomas Köhler / photothek.net
Former Vice Chancellor and Foreign Minister Federal Republic of Germany
Chairman of the SPD Parliamentary Group in the Bundestag

Dr. Frank-Walter Steinmeier is the head of the parliamentary group of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) in the German Bundestag. From 2005 to 2009, he served as Germany's Foreign Minister; from 2007 to 2009, he was also Vice Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany. Prior to that, Dr. Steinmeier was the Head of the Chancellery from 1999 to 2005.

Security Policy Panel
Wesley Clark
US Army General (ret.)
Former NATO Supreme Allied Commander, Europe

In 38 years of service in the United States Army, Wesley K. Clark rose to the rank of four-star general as NATO’s Supreme Allied Commander, Europe. Since retiring from the military in 2000, he has become an investment banker, businessman, commentator, author and teacher. In September 2003, he answered the call to stand as a Democratic candidate for President of the United States, where his campaign won the state of Oklahoma and launched him to national prominence before he returned to the private sector in February 2004. Clark has chaired several public and private companies, and is a progressive leader in pursuing energy solutions.

The Future of Growth in the West
Cem Özdemir Photo: Steffen Kugler/Getty Images
Party Chair
Bündnis 90/Die Grünen

Cem Özdemir is the head of Bündnis 90/Die Grünen (The Green Party). He focuses on economic and ecological issues and the Green New Deal, as well as on education reform and immigration and integration policy. In 1994, Özdemir was the first German of Turkish origin to be elected to the Bundestag. From 1998 to 2002, he was his party’s spokesperson for home affairs and played a major role in reforming Germany’s citizenship and nationality laws. In 2003, he was a Transatlantic Fellow at the German Marshall Fund of the US in Washington, DC and Brussels. In this capacity, he focused on transatlantic relations and the political organization of ethnic minorities in the US and Europe. From 2004 to 2009, Özdemir was a member of the European Parliament. He was the foreign policy spokesperson of his party and vice-president of the select committee on the CIA’s detention and transit facilities in Europe.

Michael Ignatieff, Ph.D.
Professor, Harvard Kennedy School of Government
Former leader of the Liberal Party of Canada

Michael Ignatieff is a writer, teacher and former politician. Born in Canada, educated at the University of Toronto and Harvard University, he has written seventeen books, worked as a television presenter and documentary filmmaker, editorial columnist and university teacher
He has taught at the University of British Columbia, Cambridge University, the London School of Economics and Harvard University, where he was Director of the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy at the Kennedy School of Government between 2000 and 2005. He is a member of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada and holds eleven honorary degrees.
He is the author of The Needs of Strangers (1984), Scar Tissue (1992), Isaiah Berlin (1998), The Rights Revolution (2000), Human Rights as Politics and Idolatry (2001), The Lesser Evil: Political Ethics in an Age of Terror (2004), and Fire and Ashes: On Success and Failure in Politics (2013).
Between 2006 and 2011, he was Member of Parliament for Etobicoke Lakeshore, Deputy Leader and Leader of the Liberal Party of Canada.
He holds a joint professorial appointment at the Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto and the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. He also holds the Carnegie Centennial Chair at the Carnegie Council on Ethics in International Affairs in New York.


Ambassador Dr. Peter Ammon Photo: German Embassy, Washington, DC / by C. Avril
German Ambassador to the United States
Federal Foreign Service Germany

Born in Frankfurt/Main in 1952, Dr. Peter Ammon currently serves as the German Ambassador to the United States, a position to which he was appointed in August 2011. He previously served as State Secretary at the Foreign Office. In 2007 and 2008, he was appointed German Ambassador to Paris, France. Prior to that he served as a career diplomat in London; Dakar/Senegal; and New Delhi. From 1999 to 2001, he served at the German Embassy in Washington, D.C. as Economic Minister. From 1996 to 1999, he was Head of Policy Planning and speech writer to the German President.
Following graduate studies in mathematics, physics and economics, Dr. Ammon obtained a Doctorate in economics from Berlin’s Free University. As Director General for Economics at the German Foreign Office from 2001 to 2007, he helped prepare the G8 world economic summits for German chancellors Schröder and Merkel.
Peter Ammon is married with two children.


Economic Policy Panel
Philippe Aghion, Ph.D.
Robert C. Waggoner Professor of Economics
Harvard University

Philippe Aghion is the Robert C. Waggoner Professor of Economics at Harvard University. His research focuses on growth, innovation, and contract theory. With Peter Howitt he developed the so-called Schumpeterian Growth paradigm, a framework that was used since to analyze growth policy design. Much of their research is summarized in Endogenous Growth Theory (1998, MIT Press) and The Economics of Growth (2009, MIT Press).
In 2001 Aghion received the Yrjo Jahnsson Award of the European Economic Association, which rewards the best European economist under age 45, and in 2009 he was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He is involved in policy advising on growth policy, in particular in France with the current government and President Hollande.

Social Policy Panel
Kathryn Edin, Ph.D.
Professor of Public Policy and Management
Malcolm Wiener Center for Social Policy, Harvard Kennedy School

Kathryn Edin is a Professor of Public Policy management at the Harvard Kennedy School. Her research focuses on urban poverty and family life, social welfare, housing, child support, and non-marital childbearing.
Her publications include, among others, four books, the most recent of which – Doing the Best I Can: Fatherhood in the City (2013, with Timothy J. Nelson,) – is a multi-year ethnographic study of 110 black and white low income unmarried fathers in inner-city Philadelphia and Camden, NJ. Previous books include Promises I Can Keep: Why Poor Women Put Motherhood Before Marriage (2005, with Maria J. Kefalas), Unmarried Couple with Children (2007, with Paula England), and Making Ends Meet: How Low Income Single Mothers Survive Welfare and Low Wage Work (1997, with Laura Lein), a four-city study of low income single mothers' economic survival strategies.
Her next books are tentatively titled It's Not Like I'm Poor (with Sarah Halpern-Meekin, Laura Tach, and Jennifer Sykes), an examination of how low-wage earners make ends meet in a post-welfare world, and Marginal Men: Economic Struggles, Child Support, and Fatherhood (with Timothy Nelson and Laura Lein).
Edin is a member of the MacArthur Network on Housing and Children. Edin received her Ph.D in sociology from Northwestern University in 1991 and has also taught at Rutgers University, Northwestern University, and the University of Pennsylvania.

Economic Policy Panel
Dr. Henrik Enderlein
Pierre Keller Visiting Professor
Harvard Kennedy School

Henrik Enderlein is Professor of Political Economy and Economics at the Hertie School of Governance. Until summer 2012 he held the positions as Associate Dean and Program Director Master of Public Policy. He obtained degrees in economics and political science from Sciences Po, Paris, and Columbia University, New York, and his PhD at the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies in Cologne, Germany.
From 2001-2003, he worked as an economist in the Directorate International and European Relations of the European Central Bank in Frankfurt, before taking up a Junior Professorship in Economics at the Free University Berlin. In 2003, Henrik Enderlein was awarded the Max Planck Society's Otto-Hahn Medal for outstanding achievements by young scientists. During the academic year 2006-2007, Henrik Enderlein was Fulbright Distinguished Chair at Duke University's Political Science Department.

Economic Policy Panel
Marcel Fratzscher, Ph.D.
President and CEO
German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin)

Marcel Fratzscher is President and CEO of DIW Berlin, one of the leading economic research institutes and think tanks in Europe, and Professor of Macroeconomics and Finance at Humboldt-University Berlin. His own research and policy work covers a broad range of issues in the fields of macroeconomics, international finance, monetary economics and international policy co-ordination.
His prior professional experience includes work as Head of the International Policy Analysis Division at the European Central Bank (ECB), where he worked from 2001 to 2012; the Peterson Institute for International Economics in 2000-01; before and during the Asian financial crisis in 1996-98 at the Ministry of Finance of Indonesia for the Harvard Institute for International Development (HIID); and shorter periods at the Asian Development Bank, the World Bank and in various parts of Asia and Africa.
He received a Ph.D. in Economics from the European University Institute (EUI); a Master of Public Policy from Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government; a B.A. in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics (PPE) from the University of Oxford, and a Vordiplom in Economics from Kiel University. He is a European citizen, having grown up and having obtained his primary and secondary education in Germany.

A Coming Global Turn? Or the Resurgence of the West?
Dr. Charles A. Kupchan
Professor of International Affairs
Georgetown University

Dr. Kupchan is Professor of International Affairs in the School of Foreign Service and Government Department at Georgetown University. He is also Whitney H. Shepardson Senior Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations. Kupchan was Director for European Affairs on the National Security Council during the first Clinton administration. Before joining the NSC, he worked in the U.S. Department of State on the Policy Planning Staff. Prior to government service, he was an Assistant Professor of Politics at Princeton University.
He is the author of No One’s World: The West, the Rising Rest, and the Coming Global Turn (2012), How Enemies Become Friends: The Sources of Stable Peace (2010), The End of the America Era: U.S. Foreign Policy and the Geopolitics of the Twenty-first Century (2002), Power in Transition: The Peaceful Change of International Order (2001), Civic Engagement in the Atlantic Community (1999), Atlantic Security: Contending Visions (1998), Nationalism and Nationalities in the New Europe (1995), The Vulnerability of Empire (1994), The Persian Gulf and the West (1987), and numerous articles on international and strategic affairs.
Kupchan received a B.A. from Harvard University and M.Phil. and D.Phil. degrees from Oxford University. He has served as a visiting scholar at Harvard University’s Center for International Affairs, Columbia University’s Institute for War and Peace Studies, the International Institute for Strategic Studies in London, the Centre d’Etude et de Recherches Internationales in Paris, and the Institute for International Policy Studies in Tokyo. During 2006-2007, he was the Henry A. Kissinger Scholar at the Library of Congress and was a Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.

Security Policy Panel
Alexander Graf Lambsdorff
Member of the European Parliament
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe

Alexander Graf Lambsdorff has been a member of the European Parliament since 2004 and currently serves as deputy leader of the liberal group ALDE. He also leads the German Free Democrats’ delegation (FDP). Mr. Lambsdorff is a member of the Committee on Foreign Affairs. In addition, he is a member of the parliamentary delegation for relations with China and Turkey as well as the African, Caribbean, and Pacific states. He has focused on European Union enlargement and the United Nations, while actively engaging in democracy support policies by leading EU election observation missions to several countries in Asia and Africa. He is the co-founder of the Atlantic Initiative Germany as well as of the German-Turkish Foundation.
Mr. Lambsdorff studied history, constitutional law, and international relations at Bonn University in Germany and at Georgetown University in Washington, DC.

Social Policy Panel
George A. Papandreou
Former Prime Minister of Greece/ Member of the Greek Parliament
President of the Socialist International

George A. Papandreou graduated from Amherst College and holds an M.Sc. in Sociology and Development from London School of Economics. He was a fellow at Harvard University’s Center for International Affairs (1992-1993). An MP since 1981, he served in several government posts, as undersecretary of Culture and Minister of Education, before becoming Foreign Minister from 1999-2004.
Papandreou has received several honors for his commitment to promote peace and democracy, as well as for fighting racism, and notably for his successful campaign, as Foreign Minister, to engineer a rapprochement between Greece and Turkey.
As President of the Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK) from January 2004 - March 2012, Papandreou launched radical reforms of the Greek party political system. He served as Prime Minister of Greece from October 2009 - November 2011.

A Coming Global Turn? Or the Resurgence of the West?
Richard Rosecrance, Ph.D.
Adjunct Professor, Director, Project on U.S.-China Relations
Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University

Richard Rosecrance is an Adjunct Professor at Harvard's John F. Kennedy School of Government, a Research Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Los Angeles. He was formerly a Professor at the University of California, Berkeley, and the Walter S. Carpenter, Jr., Professor of International and Comparative Politics at Cornell University.
He served in the Policy Planning Council of the Department of State. He has written or edited more than a dozen books and many scholarly articles. The singly authored works include Action and Reaction in World Politics (1963); Defense of the Realm: British Strategy in the Nuclear Epoch (1968); International Relations: Peace or War? (1973); The Rise of the Trading State: Commerce and Conquest in the Modern World (1986); America's Economic Resurgence (1990); and The Rise of the Virtual State: Wealth and Power in the Coming Center (1999).
He is the principal investigator of UCLA's Carnegie Project on "Globalization and Self Determination".  He has received Guggenheim, Rockefeller, Ford, Fulbright, NATO, and many other fellowships. He was President of the International Studies Association and served as Director of UCLA's Center for International Relations from 1992 to 2000. He has held research and teaching appointments in Florence (the European University Institute); Paris (the Institut de Sciences Politiques), London (Kings College London, the London School of Economics, and the International Institute for Strategic Studies), and Canberra (The Australian National University). He has lectured widely in East Asia and Europe.

Security Policy Panel
Dr. Theo Sommer

Born 1930 in Constance, Germany. Grew up in Schwäbisch Gmünd. Studied History, Political Science and International Relations in Sweden, at Manchester College, North Manchester, Ind., and the University of Chicago; wrote his Ph.D. thesis on „Germany and Japan between the Powers, 1935-1940“ (University of Tübingen, 1962).
1960 participant in Henry Kissinger’s International Summer Seminar, Harvard University. 1967-1970 reader for Political Science at the University of Hamburg. Lectured at Harvard University’s Center for European Studies, winter term, 1972. Foreign Editor DIE ZEIT 1958, Deputy Editor 1968; Chief of Planning Staff, Ministry of Defence, Bonn 1969/70; Editor-in-Chief DIE ZEIT 1973; Publisher DIE ZEIT 1992; Editor-at-Large, April 1, 2000; Co-Founder of The Atlantic Times, 2004.

Economic Policy Panel
Martin Walker
Global Business Policy Council Senior Fellow

Martin Walker is a syndicated columnist and editor-in-chief emeritus of United Press International. In his 25 years as a journalist with The Guardian newspaper, he served as bureau chief in Moscow and the United States, as well as European editor and assistant editor.
A regular broadcaster on the BBC, National Public Radio, and CNN, and panelist on Inside Washington and The McLaughlin Show, he is also a senior scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. He serves as a Senior Fellow at the World Policy Institute in New York and has authored several books including The Cold War; A History, Makers of the American Century, and The President They Deserve.


A Coming Global Turn? Or the Resurgence of the West?
R. Nicholas Burns
The Sultan of Oman Professor of International Relations
Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University

Nicholas Burns is Sultan of Oman Professor of International Relations at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government. He is Director of the Future of Diplomacy Project and Faculty Chair for the Programs on the Middle East and on India and South Asia. Professor Burns served in the United States Government for twenty-seven years. As a career foreign service officer, he was Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs from 2005 to 2008; the State Departments third-ranking official when he led negotiations on the U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Agreement; a long-term military assistance agreement with Israel; and was the lead U.S. negotiator on Iran's nuclear program. He was U.S. Ambassador to NATO (2001-2005), Ambassador to Greece (1997-2001) and State Department Spokesman (1995-1997). He worked for five years (1990-1995) on the National Security Council at the White House where he was Senior Director for Russia, Ukraine and Eurasia Affairs and Special Assistant to President Clinton and Director for Soviet Affairs in the Administration of President George H.W. Bush. Burns also served in the American Consulate General in Jerusalem (1985-1987) where he coordinated U.S. economic assistance to the Palestinian people in the West Bank and before that, at the American embassies in Egypt (1983-1985) and Mauritania (1980 as an intern).
Professor Burns has received twelve honorary degrees, the Secretary of State's Distinguished Service Award, the Woodrow Wilson Award for Public Service from the Johns Hopkins University, and the Boston College Alumni Achievement Award. He has a BA in History from Boston College (1978), an MA in International Relations from the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (1980), and earned the Certificat Pratique de Langue Francaise at the University of Paris-Sorbonne (1977).

Economic Policy Panel
Dr. Uwe Jean Heuser
Chief Financial Editor

Uwe Jean Heuser studied Economics at the Universities of Bonn and Berkeley, CA. He got his Doctorate at the University of Cologne and his Master of Public Administration (MPA) from Harvard. Early on, he worked as an analyst and publicist for McKinsey. He got his first journalistic experience from Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung before starting as an Economic Editor with Die ZEIT, the German weekly based in Hamburg. He covered the "digital revolution" in the nineties before starting a reporter group called "Reform Workshop" which looked for reform ideas all over the planet. Since 2001 he is the Chief Economic and Business Editor of Die ZEIT. His book publications extend from the 1995 "The fragmented society" about life in the digital age to "Humanomics" in 2008, an award-winning volume about behavioral economics. Uwe Jean Heuser taught both at New York University and St. Gallen University in Switzerland. He currently gives lectures at Leuphana University in Northern Germany. His memberships extend from the Tönissteiner Kreis and the Harvard Club to the Rotary club, his honors from the Quandt price for journalism to the Dietrich-Oppenheim-Medienpreis for journalism. He took part in the World Economic Forum's annual meeting in Davos for 15 years.

Security Policy Panel
Dr. Joachim Krause
Professor of International Affairs
Christian-Albrechts University Kiel

Joachim Krause is since 2001 professor of Political Science and holds the Chair for International Relations at the University of Kiel, Germany. He is also Director of the Institute for Security Policy at the University of Kiel (ISPK). Before that, he was Deputy Director of the Research Institute of the German Council for Foreign Affairs in Bonn and Berlin (DGAP) and a senior researcher with the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP). He served as an advisor with the German delegation to the Conference on Disarmament (CD) in the 1980s and was a consultant to UNSCOM in 1991 and 1992. He was Steven Muller Professor for German Studies at the SAIS-Bologna Center of the Johns Hopkins University in 2002/2003. His field of expertise are international strategic issues, terrorism, nuclear non-proliferation, multilateralism, German and European foreign policy as well as theoretical and policy oriented issues.
Among his recent publications are Jahrbuch Terrorismus 2011/2012 (Yearbook on Terrorism 2011/2012, Opladen and Farmington Hills: Budrich Publ. 2012), The EU, the UN and Collective Security. Making Multilateralism Effective (London: Routledge 2012, together with Natalino Ronzitti), Iran’s Nuclear Programme – Strategic Implications (London: Routledge; 2012), International State Building and Reconstruction Efforts – Experience Gained and Lessons Learned (Farmington Hills: Budrich; 2010), The OSCE and Cooperative Security – Lessons for Asia (Singapore: IDSS; 2003). He is also a member of the Executive Board of the Aspen Institute Germany and chairman of the Scientific Directorate of the German Council on Foreign Affairs.

Social Policy Panel
Elisabeth Niejahr
Political Correspondent

Elisabeth Niejahr is political correspondent for DIE ZEIT, Germany's leading weekly newspaper, covering social, political and economic affairs. She had been the paper's deputy Berlin Bureau chief from 2004 to 2007. Before joining DIE ZEIT, she had been political correspondent for DER SPIEGEL from 1992 to 1999.
  Elisabeth Niejehr is the author of several books on German politics and policy and had been a Bucerius Fellow at Harvard University in 2011. She is a member of various advisory boards and councils on demographic change, one of them for the former German President Horst Köhler.
  Mrs. Niejahr holds a master's degree in economics and also graduated from Cologne School of Journalism.

Dinner Speech Introduction
Mathias Risse
Professor of Philosphy and Public Policy
Harvard Kennedy School of Government

Mathias Risse is Professor of Philosophy and Public Policy. Risse studied philosophy, mathematics, and mathematical economics at the University of Bielefeld, the University of Pittsburgh, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and Princeton University.
Before coming to Harvard he taught in the Department of Philosophy and the Program in Ethics, Politics and Economics at Yale. He has published two books: On Global Justice, with Princeton University Press, and Global Political Philosophy, with Palgrave Macmillan.